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中国油料作物学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 556-.doi: 10.7505/j.issn.1007-9084.2017.04.019

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Current situation, problems and suggestions of peanut breeding in southern China

  

  1. Crops Research Institute, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences; South China Peanut Sub-Center of National Center of Oilseed Crops Improvement, Guangzhou 510640, China
  • Online:2017-08-28 Published:2017-11-09

Abstract:

 Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is one of important crops in southern China. This paper summarised peanut breeding in southern China during last decade, analyzed the trend of peanut production and uncovered the main factors affecting peanut production in southern China. According to the regional trial data of varieties in last decade, we analyzed the current situation and the main problems of peanut breeding in southern China in the aspects of yield, plant type, pod, disease resistance and quality traits. The results indicated that breeding methods and hybrid parents were more important determinants in breeding programs. Some practicable suggestions were made to guide the genetic improvement of peanut breeding in southern China in future.

Key words:  peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.), southern China peanut production region, peanut breeding