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  • CHINESE JOURNAL OF OIL CROP SCIENCES. 2012, 34(4): 443-448.
    种子大小是影响农作物产量的主要因素之一,提高种子产量对改善人类生活水平具有重要作用。研究控制种子大小的重要基因,并寻找高产相关的功能基因,对作物高产育种具有重要的理论意义和应用价值。目前,通过基因失活或超量表达分析,已经发现了一些控制种子大小的功能基因。这些功能基因参与胚、胚乳、珠被的发育过程,通过调控细胞的增殖和伸长程度控制种子的大小。本文主要综述现已鉴定的控制种子大小的一些重要基因。

  • CHINESE JOURNAL OF OIL CROP SCIENCES. 2013, 35(增刊(上)): 1.

    植物油脂既具有重要生理功能,又有巨大食用和工业价值。油脂代谢是植物最重要的代谢途径之一,然
    而这一代谢途径非常复杂,涉及到一系列生化反应及催化反应的酶。本文介绍了植物种子中油脂代谢的基本途
    径,并从工业用和食用两方面对近年来植物油脂代谢的遗传调控与基因工程研究进展进行了较为详细的总结,同
    时对植物油脂调控基因工程的发展作了展望。

  • ZOU Zhi, ZHAO Yong-guo, ZHANG Li, KONG Hua, GUO Yun-ling, GUO An-ping
    CHINESE JOURNAL OF OIL CROP SCIENCES. 2021, 43(2): 229. https://doi.org/10.19802/j.issn.1007-9084.2020230
     As a novel type of oil crop in China, tigernut (Cyperus esculentus L.) is planted for its wide adapta⁃
    tion, high yield and high oil content in tuber. To investigate genetic basis and to facilitate breeding and molecular bi⁃
    ology research, a high quality full-length transcriptome was constructed based on single-molecule real-time
    (SMRT) sequencing. The library was derived from mixed sample of tuber, stolon, root, shoot apex, blade, sheath,
    flower, and floral axis. After filtering, a total of 23.20 Gb high quality data was obtained, and 319 568 circular con⁃
    sensus sequences with an average of 2101 bp and full passes of 43 were extracted. Finally, 57 849 high quality tran⁃
    scripts, composing 121.79 Mb, were obtained after clustering, polishing and redundancy removing. The complete⁃
    ness of this transcriptome library was established to be 79.58%. And approximately 76.20% of the total transcripts
    are full-length. The BLAST search against 7 main databases including NR, Swissprot, GO, KOG, eggNOG, Pfam,
    and KEGG resulted in annotation of 52 424 transcripts, amounting for about 90.62% of the total transcripts. Addi⁃
    tionally, the analyses also resulted in annotation of 3759 lncRNA, 43 060 SSR, and 2300 transcription factor-encod⁃
    ing sequences. These results improved knowledges on genetic information of tigernut, and provided valuable re⁃
    source for futher expression profiling and utilization of functional genes.

  • 综述与专论
    . 2010, 32(2): 300-302.
    本文在分析了我国食用植物油供给形势、油菜产业在食用植物油供给中的地位的基础上,对我国油菜产业的发展历史进行了回顾,提出在新的历史时期必须推动以“三高”(“高油、高产、高效”)为标志的我国油菜产业发展的第四次飞跃来应对新的挑战。

  • CHINESE JOURNAL OF OIL CROP SCIENCES. 2012, 34(4): 455-460.
    近红外光谱技术是一种新型的无损检测技术,在许多领域都得到了很好的应用。本文从农产品中各种物质成分含量预测、分类鉴别、腐烂鉴别、实时监测几个方面综述了近红外光谱技术在农产品品质检测上的应用,并对其在仪器硬件的研究和开发、化学计量学方法的探索与研究以及快速在线检测方法的研究等方面的发展趋势进行了展望。
  • WANG Han-zhong, YIN Yan
    CHINESE JOURNAL OF OIL CROP SCIENCES. 2014, 36(3): 414. https://doi.org/10.7505/j.issn.1007-9084.2014.03.020

    Currently, Chinese edible oils were highly dependent on import. After analyzing the demand, supply and trade of oil crops in the world as well as in China, we discussed the major problems in current development of Chinese oil crops industry. The strategies and suggestions were made to solve the problems related to policy making, technology, etc. 

  • CHINESE JOURNAL OF OIL CROP SCIENCES. 2012, 34(2): 225-231.
    本文概述了紫苏在开发利用、种质资源收集评价、栽培与生理、活性物质提取、组织培养、转基因及基因克隆表达分析等生物技术研究方面的国内外研究进展情况,以期为紫苏的深入研究和进一步开发应用提供参考,有效促进紫苏产业的发展。
  • 综述与专论
    . 2008, 30(1): 127-131.
    硫代葡萄糖苷是发生在白花菜目植物的一类重要生物活性物质,其研究依赖于检测技术的发展,本文就
    硫代葡萄糖苷检测技术研究进展进行了综述。
  • MA Jian, LIU Yi─ling, WANG Pi-Wu
    CHINESE JOURNAL OF OIL CROP SCIENCES. 2008, 30(2): 252-259.
    Introduction of double—stranded RNA(dsRNA)into cells can induce specific mRNA degradation,This process is called RNA interference(RNAi).During the past 10 years, tremendous progress has been made in revealing the underlying mechanism of RNAi and related silencing responses. RNAi has become a powerful research tool in regulating the expression of target genes for expected or desirable phenotypes. In this article,the mechanism of RNAi has been described and summarized,and the application of RANi in plant functional genomics has also been reviewed。

  • BAI Yi-zhen, DING Xiao-xia, LI Pei-wu, ZHOU Hai-yan, YIN Nan-ri
    CHINESE JOURNAL OF OIL CROP SCIENCES. 2013, 35(2): 211. https://doi.org/10.7505/j.issn.1007-9084.2013.02.017

    To explore the MOE (margin of exposure) application in risk assessment of peanut aflatoxins in consumers, data of aflatoxins contamination in post-harvest peanut of China and the data of Chinese peanut consumption were collected. Based on aflatoxins toxicological data, MOE values of different regions from population of different age-groups were evaluated. Results indicated no significant difference between urban and rural regions, but children were at higher risk than other populations. Compared to low-dose extrapolation, MOE was recommended due to its effective performance in posterior analysis.
       

  • CHINESE JOURNAL OF OIL CROP SCIENCES. 2013, 35(增刊(上)): 59.

     中国椰子产业供需矛盾十分突出,种植业相对落后。本文从栽培理论与实践的角度来分析问题,提出解
    决问题的方法。认为中国椰子栽培理论研究中存在的主要问题是:品种选配不当、育苗技术不合理、复合种植模式
    不到位、施肥技术落后及病虫危害严重等,并对存在的问题进行客观、公正的总结与评价。同时,还总结了椰子栽
    培实践中存在的主要问题,认为理论与实践脱节,以及某些错误理念的误导是中国椰子种植业发展缓慢的主要原
    因。最后本文针对目前椰子栽培中存在的重点问题提出建议与展望。

  • CHINESE JOURNAL OF OIL CROP SCIENCES. 2011, 33(4): 384-390.
    从两个酸性土壤生态实验点(江西鹰潭、浙江金华)种植的不同大豆品种根瘤中,分离纯化出29个分离物,并对其进行了分子鉴定和生物学特性分析。从其中16个分离物中扩增出nifH基因,测序分析结果表明,分离纯化出的菌株主要为慢生根瘤(Bradyrhizobium)属的菌株。10个分离自浙江金华的菌株,在大豆品种之间的种属差异并不大。在6个分离自江西鹰潭的菌株中,耐铝和敏感的大豆品种根瘤菌株存在明显的基因型差异。通过基于nifH 基因的系统发育分析选取代表性菌株,并进行16S rDNA序列测定和菌株回接结瘤实验,进一步明确和验证了其种属特性。同时,对经过初筛能结瘤的4株根瘤菌进行了生长曲线和生理生化特性的测定。本文结果表明在酸性土壤中,优势根瘤菌的地域差异性。



  • 综述与专论
    . 2007, 29(1): 101-105.
    分析了我国及世界油菜生产、菜籽及其制品消费和进出口贸易等现状,在此基础上,展望了我国油菜产业发展的前景和潜力,认为植物油产需缺口扩大、生物柴油产业发展、区域优势利用、冬闲土地开发、科技进步及外资进驻等都将促进我国油菜产业的未来发展。同时,面对当前形势,也提出了我国油菜产业发展的一些建议和对策。
  • CHINESE JOURNAL OF OIL CROP SCIENCES. 2010, 32(2): 320-332.
    二酰基甘油酰基转移酶(DGAT)是生物体内TAG合成过程中的关键酶,它的作用是催化二酰甘油加上脂肪酸酰基形成三酰甘油。本文介绍了DGAT的分类、亚细胞定位、功能、底物特异性和调控,并展望了DGAT研究在油料作物品种改良方面的应用前景。
  • 遗传育种
    . 2011, 33(3): 235-241.
    采用PC机为硬件平台,基于Linux操作系统,以Perl语言作为主要的程序编辑语言,整合SeqClean、TGICL、RepeatMasker,Blast,Bioperl等软件或模块,构建自动化、高通量的转录组分析系统。整个分析系统以三个自编的Perl脚本为主程序,其中以assemble.pl为主程序的序列组装,以annotFun.pl为主程序的功能注释和以annotGO.pl为主程序的功能分类。通过分析粤油20在叶斑病诱导下获得的8 328个叶片EST,进一步验证该系统的稳定性和可靠性。本文构建的花生转录组分析系统通过三个主程序能够自动、简洁、高通量地完成花生转录组数据的组装、注释与分类,为花生功能基因组学研究提供有价值的生物信息,也为其他生物信息平台的构建提供借鉴。
  • CHINESE JOURNAL OF OIL CROP SCIENCES. 2010, 32(2): 315-319.
    黄曲霉毒素(Aflatoxin, AFT)是一类致癌性极强的剧毒物质,常存在于发霉的粮油制品中。本文综述了黄曲霉毒素去毒方法研究进展,并结合近年来黄曲霉毒素检测技术的研究,提出了将新型纳米材料吸附法与化学方法相结合的脱毒、去毒方法。以期对我国开展粮油黄曲霉毒素脱毒技术体系研究提供一些参考。
  • YANG Jin-e, HUANG Qing-de,ZHOU Qi,HUANG Feng-hong,DENG Qian-chun
    中国油料作物学报. 2013, 35(3): 321. https://doi.org/10.7505/j.issn.1007-9084.2013.03.016

    The volatile compounds in both cold-﹠hot-pressed flaxseed oil samples were extracted using headspace solid phase micro-extraction (HS-SPME) and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The results showed that main volatile compositions in cold-pressed flavor flaxseed oil were 1-hexanol, 2-butanol, 2-methyl-1-Butanol,1-pentanol, hexanal, 4-hydroxy-butanoic acid,2-ethyl-furan, and the total relative content of alcohols could reach up to 66%. By contrast, the relative content of alcohols in hot-pressed flaxseed oil volatile compounds dropped quickly, and the characteristic volatile compounds were found to be a lot of Maillard reaction products, such as furfurals, pyrazines, pyrroles , pyridines and so on, the relative content of aldehydes (140 ℃, 25.1%) and heterocyclic compounds (140 ℃, 41.68%) increased rapidly. The Maillard reaction Products formed hot-pressed flaxseed oil unique toasting flavor. But according to research these aromatic heterocyclic compounds and their complexes have toxic effects on human physiological function, thus affects the safety of hot-pressed linseed oil, by comparison, cold-pressed linseed oil has the characteristics of higher food safety.

  • CHINESE JOURNAL OF OIL CROP SCIENCES. 2006, 28(2): 224-227.
    简述了生物柴油的概况,介绍了杂交油葵的生物学特征,生产效益,以及向日葵生物柴油的特点。在对
    向日葵生物柴油研究进行展望的同时,提出发展向日葵生物柴油中存在的问题及解决途径。
  • CHINESE JOURNAL OF OIL CROP SCIENCES. 2012, 34(5): 551-555.
    采用不同浓度除草剂处理大豆叶片,对4个大豆品种的草铵膦和百草枯耐受性进行研究。结果表明,不同品种对两种除草剂的耐受性存在明显差异,以中豆32对百草枯耐受的最高浓度为0.24mg/L;中黄10号次之,为0.18mg/L;东农50和小粒豆最低为0.12mg/L。中豆32对草铵膦耐受的最高浓度为6mg/L;吉林小粒豆1号次之,为4mg/L;中黄10号和东农50的耐受浓度均为3mg/L。

  • CHINESE JOURNAL OF OIL CROP SCIENCES. 2008, 30(1): 71-78.
    调查186份国内外芝麻资源的21个表型性状,对8个主要农艺性状进行相关分析和因子分析;并对所 有性状进行聚类分析,186份材料可划分为7个类群。结果表明:选取单株蒴数多、千粒重高、花期适中的大蒴材料
    作亲本能显著提高单株产量;不同地区间品种农艺性状整体变异差别较小,区域内变异较大且侧重的性状不同;聚
    类结果显示,芝麻品种的遗传差异与地理远缘无明显相关性,说明培育高产优质品种时,亲本选配要以亲缘关系为
    主要参考依据;同时推测国内芝麻的引种传播是由南向北进行的。