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中国油料作物学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (6): 835-.doi: 10.19802/j.issn.1007-9084.2019175

• 油菜多功能利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

黑龙江省饲料油菜品种筛选与种植技术研究

毕影东(1974-),男,哈尔滨人,副研究员,主要从事作物营养与高效施肥研究,E-mail:ydbi308@163.com   

  1. 1. 黑龙江省农业科学院耕作栽培研究所,黑龙江哈尔滨,150086;
    2. 华中农业大学作物遗传改良国家重点实验室,湖北武汉,430070
  • 出版日期:2019-12-28 发布日期:2019-12-20
  • 通讯作者: 来永才(1964-),男,博士,研究员,主要从事作物栽培研究,E-mail:13506305775@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家公益性行业(农业)专项(201503120);黑龙江省应用技术研究与开发计划重大项目(GA18B101)

Selection and cultivation of forage rapeseed in Heilongjiang Province

  1. 1. Institute of Crops Tillage and Cultivation, Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Harbin 150086, China;
    2. National Key Lab of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Online:2019-12-28 Published:2019-12-20

摘要: 为筛选适宜在黑龙江省规模化种植的饲料油菜品种及栽培模式,采用多年多点的田间定位方法,研究了不同品种、不同种植方式和播期的产量差异和施肥效应以及不同收获期产量及营养成分积累规律。结果表明:金油158、15-P15和12-P38的产量表现好;采用机播平作,播种量15 kg/hm2,底肥施二铵150 kg/hm2,4月22日早播,能够显著提高饲用油菜的生物量。盛花期收获,饲用油菜生物量相对较高,与玉米秸秆混合青贮,制成配合饲料较好。本文结果为饲料油菜在我国北方早熟区开展多功能开发利用提供了参考。

关键词: 饲料油菜, 产量, 施肥效应, 北方早熟区

Abstract:

Animal husbandry is severely restricted by insufficient grass production in northern pastoral areas in China. To improve forage rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) for large-scale planting in Heilongjiang Province, yields of several rapeseed varieties were analyzed on nutrient accumulation and fertilization effect under different cultivation modes by multi-point field tests. Results showed that yield advantages of Jinyou 158, 15-P15 and 12-P38 were rel? atively high. High yield was obtained under conditions of 15 kg/hm2 weight of sowing seeds, 150 kg/hm2 diammoni? um phosphate and forage rapeseed planted early on April 22. The biomass was relatively high in flowering time and better silage would be made by mixing with corn straw. This research was expected to provide reference for multifunctional utilization of forage rapeseed in the precocious zone of northern China.

Key words: forage rapeseed, yield, fertilization effect, precocious zone of northern China