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中国油料作物学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 656-.doi: 10.19802/j.issn.1007-9084.2020069

• 栽培生理 • 上一篇    下一篇

不同密植方式对夏直播花生叶片功能及产量的影响

张俊(1984-),男,副研究员,主要从事花生高产栽培生理研究,E-mail:zhangjun0722@163.com   

  1. 河南省农业科学院经济作物研究所,农业农村部黄淮海油料作物重点实验室,河南省油料作物遗传改良重点实验室,国家油料作物改良中心河南花生分中心,花生遗传改良国家地方联合工程实验室,河南郑州,450002
  • 出版日期:2021-08-28 发布日期:2021-08-31
  • 通讯作者: 董文召(1967-),男,研究员,主要从事花生育种研究,E-mail:dongwzh@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划课题(2018YFD1000906);河南省现代农业产业技术体系(S2012-5);国家现代农业产业技术体系(CARS-13);河南省重大科技专项(161100111000)

Effects of different dense planting methods on leaf function and yield of summer-sowing peanut

  1. Key Laboratory of Oil Crops in Huanghuaihai Plains, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs; Henan Provincial Key Laboratory for Oil Crops Improvement; National Center for Peanut Improvement, Henan Peanut Subcenter; National and Provincial Joint Engineering Laboratory for Peanut Genetic Improvement; Industrial Crops Research Institute, Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhengzhou 450002, China
  • Online:2021-08-28 Published:2021-08-31

摘要: 以珍珠豆小果型花生远杂6号为材料,研究了夏直播花生在1.8×105~2.25×105穴/hm2密度及不同配置方式下叶片功能、光合特性及产量等指标的变化,探讨了合理密植对花生群体生殖生长及产量的影响。结果表明:与1.8×105穴/hm2密度相比,2.25×105穴/hm2种植会降低叶片净光合速率、抗氧化能力和群体间中下部光合有效辐射截获率,提高群体叶绿素含量、叶面积指数和上部光合有效辐射截获率,提高饱果率和出仁率。2.25×105穴/hm2产量比1.8×105穴/hm2处理产量高12.44%,双粒播种产量比单粒播种高12.47%,等行距种植和宽窄行种植产量基本一致。远杂6号为耐密品种,夏直播种植,适当增加种植密度,可有效提高产量,改善荚果商品性。

关键词: 密植, 花生, 叶片功能, 产量

Abstract:

To explore the the effects of proper planting density on the reproductive growth and yields of peanut population, Yuanza 6, Spanish type peanut with small pod was used as the material, the changes of leaf function, photosynthetic characteristics and yields of peanuts under various combinations in summer-planting peanut were studied. The results showed that the planting model of 2.25 × 105 hole / hm2 could reduce the net photosynthetic rate, antioxidant capacity and the photosynthetic effective radiation interception rate of the middle and lower part of the population, and increase the chlorophyll content, leaf area index and the photosynthetic effective radiation interception rate of the upper part of the population, and increase the full pod rate and kernel rate compared with that in 1.8 × 105 hole/ hm2. Yields of the planting model of 2.25 × 105 hole / hm2 was 12.44% higher than that in 1.8 × 105 hole / hm2, yields of double seed was 12.47% higher than that of single seed, and yields of equal row spacing planting and wide-narrow row planting were basically the same. Yuanza 6 is a close-planting variety, which can be planted directly in summer. The planting density of the variety is increased properly, yields can be increased effectively and the commercial quality of pods can be improved.

Key words: close planting, peanut, leaf function, yield

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