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中国油料作物学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (6): 1108-1114.doi: 10.19802/j.issn.1007-9084.2020196

• 土肥植保 • 上一篇    下一篇

向日葵养分专家系统推荐施肥效应研究

段玉1(), 范霞2, 安昊1, 张君1, 梁俊梅1, 张婷婷1, 景宇鹏1, 王博1   

  1. 1.内蒙古自治区农牧业科学院资源环境与检测技术研究所,内蒙古 呼和浩特,010031
    2.呼和浩特市赛罕区农牧水利局,内蒙古 呼和浩特,010020
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-08 出版日期:2021-12-22 发布日期:2021-12-23
  • 作者简介:段玉(1963- ),男,硕士,研究员,主要从事植物营养与施肥研究,E-mail: duanyu63@aliyun.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家特色油料产业技术体系(CARS-14);内蒙古自治区科技计划项目(2019GG346)

Effect study on sunflower nutrient expert system for fertilization recommendation

Yu DUAN1(), Xia FAN2, Hao AN1, Jun ZHANG1, Jun-mei LIANG1, Ting-ting ZHANG1, Yu-peng JING1, Bo WANG1   

  1. 1.Institute of Resources Environment and Detection Technology, Inner Mongolia Academy of Agricultural and Animal Husbandry Sciences, Hohhot 010031, China
    2.Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Water Resources Bureau, Saihan District, Hohhot 010020, China
  • Received:2020-07-08 Online:2021-12-22 Published:2021-12-23

摘要:

为了更好地为生产者和技术人员提供推荐服务,本研究汇总和分析各地试验数据,以明确向日葵养分专家系统推荐施肥的优势,促进向日葵养分专家系统在生产上大面积推广应用。2017-2019年在向日葵主要产区进行了84项向日葵养分专家系统田间验证试验,分析比较了向日葵养分专家系统与当地习惯施肥的节肥效果、增产效果、肥料利用效率和经济效益。结果表明:向日葵养分专家(NE)推荐养分用量较农民习惯(FP)减少了氮(N)投入7 kg/hm2,减少磷(P2O5)投入23 kg/hm2,施肥更加优化合理。NE较FP平均增产293.1 kg/hm2(增产率为8.4%),经济效益增加1754.4元/hm2,氮和磷农学效率增加1.7和3.6 kg/kg,氮磷钾养分回收率分别提高8.7、6.1和6.0个百分点。向日葵养分专家系统具有节约氮磷肥、增加产量、增加经济效益、提高肥料利用效率的良好效果,向日葵产区可以根据向日葵养分专家系统进行推荐施肥。

关键词: 向日葵, 养分专家系统施肥推荐, 产量, 养分利用效率, 经济效益

Abstract:

To improve the Sunflower Nutrient Expert System, and to facilitate large-scale application, 84 field experiments were carried out from 2017 to 2019 which covered the main sunflower producing areas in China. The efficiency of saving fertilizer, increasing yield, nutrient recovery and economic benefits of sunflower nutrient expert system were analyzed and compared with farmer accustomed fertilization. Results showed that the recommended nutrient rate of sunflower nutrient expert (NE) were 7 kg/hm2 less nitrogen (N), and 23 kg/hm2 less phosphorus (P2O5) than farmer’s practice fertilization (FP). Thus the fertilization was more optimized and reasonable. NE produced an average yield increase of 293.1 kg/hm2 compared with FP fertilization, with yield increase rate of 8.4%. The yield response of NE nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium increased significantly compared with FP. Compared with FP, the economic benefit RMB of NE increased by 1754.4 yuan/hm2.The agronomic efficiency of N and P recommended for NE fertilization increased by 1.7 and 3.6 kg/kg compared with FP. Compared with FP, NE improved NPK RE by 8.7, 6.1 and 6.0 percentage points, respectively. It can be seen that sunflower nutrient expert system has the good effect of saving nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer, increasing yield, economic efficiency improvement and improving nutrient recovery. Sunflower nutrient expert system can be used to recommend fertilization in sunflower production areas.

Key words: sunflower, nutrient expert recommendation fertilizer, yield, nutrient utilization efficiency, economic benefits

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