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中国油料作物学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (6): 1159-1173.doi: 10.19802/j.issn.1007-9084.2020354

• 研究进展 • 上一篇    下一篇

油菜抗除草剂机理与种质创制研究进展

管文杰(), 张付贵, 闫贵欣, 马启铭, 伍晓明()   

  1. 农业农村部油料作物生物学与遗传育种重点实验室/中国农业科学院油料作物研究所,湖北 武汉,430062
  • 收稿日期:2020-12-13 出版日期:2021-12-22 发布日期:2021-12-23
  • 通讯作者: 伍晓明 E-mail:82101186041@caas.cn;wuxm@oilcrops.cn
  • 作者简介:管文杰(1995-),男,硕士研究生,研究方向为油菜种质资源,E-mail: 82101186041@caas.cn
  • 基金资助:
    农业农村部农作物种质资源保护与利用专项(2019NWB033);国家油料种质资源共享服务平台(NICGR2019-014);国家重点研发计划(2016YFD0100202)

Research advances of herbicide-resistant rapeseed on mechanisms and germplasms

Wen-Jie GUAN(), Fu-Gui ZHANG, Gui-Xin YAN, Qi-Ming MA, Xiao-Ming WU()   

  1. Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Oil Crops, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Oil Crops Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wuhan 430062,China
  • Received:2020-12-13 Online:2021-12-22 Published:2021-12-23
  • Contact: Xiao-Ming WU E-mail:82101186041@caas.cn;wuxm@oilcrops.cn

摘要:

杂草是制约油菜生产的重要生物灾害之一,严重影响油菜的产量和品质。培育抗除草剂油菜品种是防除油菜田间杂草的经济、有效的途径。本文综述了已被广泛应用的草甘膦、草铵膦和ALS酶抑制类除草剂的作用机理、植物对除草剂产生抗性的机制以及国内外这三类油菜抗性种质的创制和研究进展,并提出了油菜抗除草剂种质的发展策略,加强抗性机制研究和基因的发掘力度,利用基因编辑等新技术创制抗除草剂油菜新种质,培育具有多种除草剂抗性的油菜新品种。

关键词: 油菜, 抗除草剂, 种质, 机制

Abstract:

Weed is one of the most serious biological disasters that seriously damage the yield and quality of Brassica napus. Cultivating herbicide resistant B. napus varieties is an effective and economic way to control weeds in rapeseed field. In this paper, three kinds of herbicides, glyphosate, glufosinate and ALS enzyme inhibitors, which have the greatest potential for field application are mainly reviewed. The mechanisms of herbicide action and herbicide resistance are summarized. The research advances of B. napus resistant germplasms in China and abroad are further reviewed according to the germplasm creation methods. Finally, the development strategies of herbicide resistant rapeseed germplasm are put forward: strengthening the research of resistance mechanism and gene exploration, and using new technologies such as gene editing to create new non-transgenic rapeseed germplasms with multi herbicide resistance.

Key words: Brassica napus, herbicide resistant, germplasm, mechanism

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